India’s orignal culture is the Vedic Culture and not the L.C.M of different civilizations or customs. Vedic Culture is a pure and complete life system of both man and society, based on the Vedas. The Vedas are four in number, namely, Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda, comprising 20379 hymns in all. The word ‘Veda’ means ‘knowledge’: the knowledge bestowed by God upon all human beings of all places at all times.
1 आ ब्रह्यन् ब्राह्मणो बह्मवर्चसी जायताम्। (यजुर्वेद 22.22)
(दयानन्दभाष्य:- ब्राह्मणो वेदेश्वरवित् ब्रह्मवर्चसी वेदविद्याप्रदिप्तः)
There is a class of persons and families who are scholars of Vedas and worshippers of one omnipresent God. Their heart is illuminated with the light of Vedic knowledge, and hence their name comes out to be Brahmin.
2 द्वे ब्रह्मणी वेदितव्ये शब्दब्रह्म परं च यत् ।
शब्दब्रह्मणी निष्णातः परब्रह्माधिगच्छति ।।
Brahm is the natural name of two entities, namely, Shabda-Brahm or Veda and Para-Brahm or God.The attainment of the former leads to the attainment of the latter. A true Brahmin is he who attains both of them.
3 ब्राह्मणोस्य मुखमासीद् बाहू राजन्यः कृतः। (यजुर्वेद 31.11)
The ancient Indian seers found that the people belong to four categories on the basis of their qualities and business. These categories were named four Varnas. The persons having deep love for knowledge were known as Brahmins. Those choosing warfare as their business were known as Kshatriyas. The people choosing agriculture,animal husbandry and trade as their job were known as Vaishyas. All others were called Shudras, and the duty of their varna was to help and assist the first three varnas.
4 अध्यापनमध्ययनं यजनं याजनं तथा
दानं प्रतिग्रहश्चैव ब्राह्मणानामकल्पयत्। (मनुस्मृति 1.88)
This classification was not a division of society. It was rather a categorisation of business and jobs in the interest of a self-sufficient and complete society. Since knowledge and wisdom combined into one, is the treasure of all treasures, so the Brahmins were given the highest place in Vedic society. The Kshatriyas, being the saviours of lives,land and society, were given the second highest place of respect.If we assume our society to be a human body, the Brahmin varna is like its mouth and the Kshatriyas as the arms.
5 शमो दमस्तपः शौचं क्षान्तिरार्जवमेव च।
ज्ञानं विज्ञानमास्तिक्यं ब्रह्मकर्मस्वभावजम् ।। (गीता: 18.42)
The Brahmin-varna was never here ditary. It was rather a hard-earned category. Manu, the law-giver, counts the six jobs of a Brahminas are gular study of Vedas, honorary teaching, self-yajna, performing yajna for others, giving donation, and accepting donations.
6 मातृवत्परदारेषु परद्रव्येषु लोष्ठवत् ।
आत्मवत्सर्वभूतेषु यः पश्यति स पण्डितः ।। (हितोेपदेशः 1.14)
The Gita preaches that all Brahmins must possess these nine qualities. (i) Control over one’s mind, (ii) Control over all senses, (iii) a non-failing conduct of truth and justice, (iv) Purity of body, speech and soul, (v) non consideration of joy or sorrow, profit or loss, and fame or infame on personal accounts, (vi) a plane and simple living, (vii) Wisdom of Vedas, (viii) Knowledge and application of sciences, and (ix) an unwavering devotion to God.
7 नावास्तुनो वस्तुसिद्धिः। (संख्यदर्शन: 1.43)
Our courtrooms all over the world, are flooded with disputes overe go, woman and wealth.The schools, police-stations, reformatories and jails have failed to wipe out crime from the face of humanity. On the golden side of the world society, the Indian scholar Brahmin, holding the key to peace in his hand, announces that:
- Each and every woman in the world is as pious to me as my real mother.
- Any amount of anyone’s gold is equal to a particle of dust to me.
My soul is no different from any other soul in the Universe.
8 अपां संयोगाभावे गुरुत्वात् पतनम्। (वैशेषिकदर्शन: 523)
The human soul does know the true and false of things. The four Vedas have also been emitting the true knowledge of God and the world. But the unsound ideologies are continuously spreading confusion and non-sense. The world misconceives Vedic Philosophy to be a spiritual monism which means that God is true and world is false. But a great scholar Brahmin (Rishi Kapil) says that a physical substance cannot come into existence without a physical cause.
The present generations hold the view that Newton discovered the law of gravitational force in the year 1666. We Indians are proud to claim that the Vaisheslik Darshan discussed the force of gravitation even before the Buddha period. It is agreed that Newton made his announcement without consulting the Darshan. But it was the great Scholar Brahmin of the Darshan (Rishi Kanaad) who was first to announce that the rain-water falls down to earth because of the gravitational force.
In India today, there are persons of knowledge, worship and service. But they are three different persons. ‘Scholar Brahmin’ means the person possessing all the three qualities. India needs such persons in thousands.